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Melaka - Ghost


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Current Version: 1.0.9 - 1 Nov 2019



Theme Installation

  • Log into the admin section of your Ghost blog yourblog.com/ghost.
  • Select Design from the left-hand side of your admin area and go to the Themes section.
  • Click on the Upload a Theme green button.
  • An upload box will open, then choose the theme (melaka.zip) within the downloaded package.
  • Once uploaded. Click on Activate now button to activate the theme immediately or Close if you want to activate it later.

Create a new Content API Key

In order for the Search to work, we need to generate a new Content API Key using the following steps.

From Ghost admin, click Integrations from the sidebar menu, then click + add custom integration.

Add new Ghost Custom integrations

Then, give the new integration a name, for example, Search and click Create.

Name for the Ghost Custom integrations

Now, a new Key is created, hover over it and new Copy button will appear, click on it to copy the Key to the clipboard.

Copy Ghost Custom integrations Content API Key

Next, click Code injection from the sidebar menu and add the following code to the Blog Header box after replacing the XXXX value with your API KEY.

<script>
  var search_api_key = 'XXXX';
</script>

To be like:

Inject Ghost Custom integrations Content API Key

Click Save.


Members / Subscription

Subscribers can be enabled via a checkbox on the Labs page (Labs > MEMBERS (BETA)), in your Ghost admin panel:

enable subscribers

Once enabled, different parts of the theme will appear:

  • Login In and Sign Up buttons in the header.
  • Footer subscription form.
  • Post subscription form.
  • Call to action section in Post page to encourage visitors to subscribe if the post is set to Members only.

In order for the blog to fully supports member sign up flows and subscriptions, within the theme folder is a routes.yaml file. Upload this single file using Routes on the Labs page.

Upload a routes file in Ghost


To edit plans features, you can edit the partials/signup-plans.hbs file.

Subscription plans in Melaka


For more information about Members, connecting Stripe and setting the package price, I highly recommend checking the official Ghost documentation.


Dark Mode

Melaka Ghost Theme Dark Mode

To enable the dark mode version, open the default.hbs file and change line 10 to be {{> compiled/inline-css-dark }} instead of {{> compiled/inline-css }} as:

Melaka Ghost Theme Activate Dark Mode

Save the file and upload the theme to your Ghost blog.


RTL

RTL means (Right to Left), so the theme can show content in languages that are written from right to left like Arabic or Hebrew.

To enable the RTL version, open the default.hbs file and change line 10 to be {{> compiled/inline-css-rtl }}.

Melaka Ghost Theme Activate RTL

If you want the Dark Mode version in RTL, change line 10 to be {{> compiled/inline-css-rtl }}

Melaka Ghost Theme Activate RTL Dark Mode

Save the file and upload the theme to your Ghost blog.


Static Pages

To create a static page, you can start creating a new Post. While you are on the post editor page, there is a cog wheel icon () at the top right. Click on that icon, and check the Turn this post into a page box. This will convert your post to a static page.

static page


You can add, edit, delete and reorder menu links on your Ghost blog from the Navigation section in the admin area located at ghost/#/settings/design.

navigation menu

To include a static page on your navigation menu. First, type the name of the page as you’d like it to appear on your menu in the label field.

label field

Next, click on the URL field of the menu item and we can find that the blog URL is already auto-populate for us. We will need to add the page slug after the final /. Once satisfied with our page configurations. Clicking the blue Save button will add the page to the navigation menu.


For the search to work, please make sure to Create a new Content API Key.

The theme uses ghostHunter. Search is done for the post title and the content.

The supported languages in addition to English are Russian, French, Spanish, Germany, Portuguese, Italian, Finnish, Dutch and Danish.


Tags Page

To create the Tags page:

  • Create a new Post and call it Tags for example.
  • Click the Turn this post into a static page checkbox.
  • Select the Tags template from the Template dropdown.
  • Publish the page.
  • To add the page to the navigation, please check the Navigation section above.

Ghost Tags Page


Authors Page

To create the Authors page:

  • Create a new post and call it Authors for example
  • Click the Turn this post into a static page checkbox.
  • Select the Authors template from the Template dropdown.
  • Publish the page.
  • To add the page to the navigation, please check the Navigation section above.

Ghost Authors Page


Contact Page

To create the Contact page:

  • Create a new post and call it Contact for example.
  • Add your content and the contact form code using FORMSPREE as a service. Please check the code example below.
  • Click the Turn this post into a static page checkbox.
  • Publish the page.
  • To add the page to the navigation, please check the Navigation section above.
<form action="https://formspree.io/your@email.com" method="POST">
  <input type="text" name="name" placeholder="Name">
  <input type="email" name="_replyto" placeholder="Email">
  <textarea name='message' placeholder="Message"></textarea>
  <input class='c-btn c-btn--small c-btn--active' type="submit" value="Send">
</form>

For more information, check the How to Add a Contact Form to Your Ghost Blog blog post.


Disqus Comments

Melaka Theme comes with Disqus comments enabled.

Open partials/disqus.hbs file. Change the aspirethemes-demos value for the disqus_shortname variable to match your Disqus account shortname.

var disqus_shortname = 'aspirethemes-demos';

So, if your Disqus shortname is exampleone, the final code above should be:

var disqus_shortname = 'exampleone';

That’s all you need to setup Disqus from the theme side. If you get any issue that comments are unable to load. First, make sure you have registered your website with Disqus (Step 1)

And also check Disqus troubleshooting guide if you still have issues.

Disable Disqus

If you want to disable Disqus comments. Open the post.hbs file and comment or delete the line contains the {{> disqus}} text (line 29).

Autoload Disqus

If you want to autoload Disqus without clicking the Comments button, open the partials/disqus.hbs file and replace the file content with the following code.

<div id='disqus_thread'></div>
<script>
  var disqus_shortname = 'aspirethemes-demos'; // required: replace `aspirethemes-demos` with your Disqus shortname

  // DON'T EDIT BELOW THIS LINE
  var disqus_config = function () {
    this.page.url ='{{url absolute="true"}}'
    this.page.identifier = 'ghost-{{comment_id}}';
  };

  var d = document, s = d.createElement('script');

  s.src = 'https://' + disqus_shortname + '.disqus.com/embed.js';

  s.setAttribute('data-timestamp', +new Date());
  (d.head || d.body).appendChild(s);
</script>
<noscript>Please enable JavaScript to view the <a href='https://disqus.com/?ref_noscript' rel='nofollow'>comments powered by Disqus.</a></noscript>

CommentBox Comments

To enable CommentBox as a comments system, open post.hbs file and replace line 29 replace with {{> commentbox}}.

The next step is to create a commentbox account and then from the dashboard, create a new project by filling your site information and then you will receive a Project ID.

Copy that Project ID and open partials/commentbox.hbs file and replace it with the my-project-id value. That’s it.


Commento Comments

To enable Commento as a comments system, open post.hbs file and replace line 29 replace with {{> commento}}.

The next step is to create a Commento account and then register your domain with it.


Home Page Posts by Tag

Melaka Ghost theme Home Page Posts by Tags

With this feature, you can show posts at the home page by a specefic tag. To do this, open the partials/index-tag-columns.hbs file and you fill find 2 code blocks, everyone look like the following screenshot:

Melaka Ghost theme Home Page Posts by Tags

They are already configured with some tags but you will need to change them according to your own existed tags.

  1. Tag slug
  2. Tag slug
  3. Tag Name

Instagram

The Instagram feed is working using Instafeed.js to show the photos.

First, you will need to get your account userId and accessToken from the following URLs:

Second, open the assets/js/instagram.js file and replace the userId and accessToken values.

var instagramFeed = new Instafeed({
  get: 'user',
  limit: 4,
  resolution: 'thumbnail',
  userId: '',
  accessToken: ''
});

You can control how much images to show by changing the limit number. Theme default is set to 6 images.


The next step is to add your Instagram URL and username to the partials/instagram.hbs file:

Instagram Partials Code


If you want to remove the Instagram Widget, you can remove lines from 34 to 36 inside the index.hbs file.

Instagram Partials Code


Posts Per Page

You can control how many posts to show per page from the package.json file like this:

"config": {
  "posts_per_page": 10
}

Melaka theme default value is set to 10 posts per page.


Syntax Highlighting

You can add a fenced code block by placing triple backticks ``` before and after the code block. For example:

```
pre {
  background-color: #f4f4f4;
  max-width: 100%;
  overflow: auto;
}
```

Will produce the following gray look:

Melaka Ghost Theme Syntax Highlighting

To highlight a code block. Add the language alias like css or js to the code block. For example, the CSS code in the previous example will wrapp between ```css and ``` as following:

```css
pre {
  background-color: #f4f4f4;
  max-width: 100%;
  overflow: auto;
}
```

Will produce the following colored look:

Melaka Ghost Theme Syntax Highlighting with prismjs

To add an inline code, you can wrap the text between two backticks ` `, for example:

This inline code example `absolute="true"`

Will produce the following look:

Melaka Ghost Theme Syntax Highlighting with prismjs


Melaka shipped with Prism.js, a lightweight, robust, and elegant syntax highlighter.

The initial Prism package include some languages like Markup, CSS, C-like, and JavaScript.

You can add and support more languages. For example, to add support for PHP:

Get the PHP component script from Prism CDN.

<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.13.0/components/prism-php.js"></script>

Add the script to Ghost Code Injection Site Footer section. Click Save button.

Melaka Ghost Theme Syntax Highlighting Code Injection PHP Prism


Related posts will be visible on the single post in case there are similar posts sharing the same tags.

Enabling the Public API required.


Google Analytics

To integrate Google Analytics. I would recommend reading Google Analytics integration steps by Ghost.


Responsive Tables

Responsive tables required and essential for adding tabular content and allows tables to be scrolled horizontally. You can make any table responsive across all viewports by wrapping a table with .responsive-table, for example:

<div class='responsive-table'>
  <table>
    ...
  </table>
</div>

Social media links placed in the partials/social-icons.hbs file.

Ghost supports adding Facebook and Twitter profile URLs from the admin panel. Go to General > Social accounts and add your URLs. This will update Facebook and Twitter URLs within the footer social media section.

social-accounts

For using other social accounts, the theme is using Evil Icons to provide a very simple and clean icons. Here you can find a list of the social media icons to use:

Facebook

<span data-icon='ei-sc-facebook' data-size='s'></span>

GitHub

<span data-icon='ei-sc-github' data-size='s'></span>

Google Plus

<span data-icon='ei-sc-google-plus' data-size='s'></span>

Instagram

<span data-icon='ei-sc-instagram' data-size='s'></span>

LinkedIn

<span data-icon='ei-sc-linkedin' data-size='s'></span>

Odnoklassniki

<span data-icon='ei-sc-odnoklassniki' data-size='s'></span>

Pinterest

<span data-icon='ei-sc-pinterest' data-size='s'></span>

Skype

<span data-icon='ei-sc-skype' data-size='s'></span>

SoundCloud

<span data-icon='ei-sc-soundcloud' data-size='s'></span>

Telegram

<span data-icon='ei-sc-telegram' data-size='s'></span>

Tumblr

<span data-icon='ei-sc-tumblr' data-size='s'></span>

Twitter

<span data-icon='ei-sc-twitter' data-size='s'></span>

Vimeo

<span data-icon='ei-sc-vimeo' data-size='s'></span>

VK

<span data-icon='ei-sc-vk' data-size='s'></span>

Youtube

<span data-icon='ei-sc-youtube' data-size='s'></span>

To edit or update other existed and static social links, for example, the Instagram code block:

<li class='c-social-icons__item'>
  <a href='#' aria-label='Instagram' target='_blank' rel='noopener'>
    <span class='c-social-icons__icon' data-icon='ei-sc-instagram' data-size='s'></span>
  </a>
  </li>

The code above contains the ICON code from the above list, the social media link (a) within a list element (li).

Next, replace your Instagram full URL with the link href value so if your Instagram URL is:

https://www.instagram.com/ghost/

the new code will be:

<li class='c-social-icons__item'>
  <a href='https://www.instagram.com/ghost/' aria-label='Instagram' target='_blank' rel='noopener'>
    <span class='c-social-icons__icon' data-icon='ei-sc-instagram' data-size='s'></span>
  </a>
</li>

If you want to completely remove Instagram, you can delete all the code block, the li, a, and the icon.


Update Favicon

You can change the favicon in Ghost from the Admin > General > PUBLICATION IDENTITY > Publication icon from the Publication icon section.

Update favicon


Theme Translation

Melaka supports Ghost i18n and comes with German, Italian, Spanish, French Finnish, Portuguese Dutch and Danish translation.

To use another available language than English, go to Admin > General > PUBLICATION INFO> Publication Language and enter the Language Code Reference.

  • de for Germany
  • it for Italian
  • es for Spanish
  • fr for French
  • fi for Finnish
  • pt for Portuguese
  • du for Dutch
  • da for Danish

Ghost Publication Language Setting

Add New Language

To add a new language, you can follow the steps in the Official Ghost Documentation.

Edit Translation

To improve or edit a translation in a specific available language. You can open the language file under locales folder:

|____locales
| |____da.json
| |____de.json
| |____du.json
| |____en.json
| |____es.json
| |____fi.json
| |____fr.json
| |____it.json
| |____pt.json

For example the Germany translation file will look like:

{
  "Loading": "Beladung",
  "More Posts": "Mehr Artikel",

  "Recent Posts": "kürzliche Artikel",
  "Featured Post": "Featured Artikel",
  "Page Not Found": "Seite nicht gefunden",
  "Load Comments": "Bemerkungen",
  "You might also like": "Sie könnten daran interessiert sein",
  "Authors": "Autoren",
  "Navigation": "Navigation",
  "Published with {ghostLink}": "Veröffentlicht mit {ghostLink}",

  "Share on Twitter": "Auf Twitter teilen",
  "Share on Facebook": "Auf Facebook teilen",
  "Share on LinkedIn": "Auf LinkedIn teilen",
  "Share on Pinterest": "Auf Pinterest teilen",
  "Share via Email": "Teilen Sie per E-Mail",
  "Copy link": "Link kopieren",
  "Link copied to clipboard": "Link in die Zwischenablage kopiert",

  "Search": "Suche",
  "Search {siteTitle}": "Suche {siteTitle}",
  "Type to Search": "Tippe um zu suchen",

  "Log In": "Einloggen",
  "Sign Up": "Anmelden",
  "Continue": "Fortsetzen",
  "Subscribe": "Abonnieren",
  "Subscribe Now": "Abonniere jetzt",
  "Your email ": "Deine E-Mail-Adresse",
  "Please check your inbox and click the link to confirm your subscription.": "Bitte überprüfen Sie Ihren Posteingang und klicken Sie auf den Link, um Ihr Abonnement zu bestätigen.",
  "Please enter a valid email address!": "Bitte geben Sie eine gültige E-Mail-Adresse ein!",
  "An error occurred, please try again later.": "Ein Fehler ist aufgetreten. Bitte versuchen Sie es später erneut.",

  "You've successfully subscribed to {siteTitle}": "Sie haben {siteTitle} erfolgreich abonniert.",
  "Great! Next, complete checkout for full access to {siteTitle}": "Toll! Schließen Sie als Nächstes die Prüfung ab, um vollen Zugriff auf {siteTitle} zu erhalten.",
  "Welcome back! You've successfully signed in.": "Willkommen zurück! Sie haben sich erfolgreich angemeldet.",
  "Success! Your account is fully activated, you now have access to all content.": "Erfolg! Ihr Konto ist vollständig aktiviert, Sie haben nun Zugriff auf alle Inhalte.",

  "Already have an account?": "Hast du schon ein Konto?",
  "Don't have an account yet?": "Sie haben noch keinen Account?",

  "This post is for paying subscribers only": "Dieser Beitrag ist nur für zahlende Abonnenten",
  "This post is for subscribers only": "Dieser Beitrag ist nur für Abonnenten",

  "Join the newsletter to receive the latest updates in your inbox.": "Treten Sie dem Newsletter bei, um die neuesten Updates in Ihrem Posteingang zu erhalten",

  "Choose your subscription": "Wählen Sie Ihr Abonnement",
  "Unlock full access to {siteTitle} and see the entire library of members-only content & updates.": "Schalte den vollen Zugriff auf {siteTitle} frei und sieh dir die gesamte Bibliothek mit Inhalten und Updates nur für Mitglieder an.",
  "Sign Up to {siteTitle}": "Anmelden bei {siteTitle}",

  "Welcome back!": "Willkommen zurück!",
  "Log Into your account again.": "Melden Sie sich erneut in Ihrem Konto an.",
  "Send login link": "Anmeldelink senden",

  "Nice, you're a subscriber!": "Schön, dass Sie Abonnent sind!",
  "You have an active {siteTitle} account with access to all posts.": "Sie haben ein aktives {siteTitle} Konto mit Zugriff auf alle Posts.",
  "You're a subscriber to free members updates": "Sie sind Abonnent der kostenlosen Mitgliederaktualisierungen",
  "You are subscribed to free updates from {siteTitle}, but don't have a paid subscription to read all the posts.": "Sie haben kostenlose Updates von {siteTitle} abonniert, haben jedoch kein kostenpflichtiges Abonnement, um alle Beiträge zu lesen."
}

Each line consist of a left key ("More Posts") and right value ("Mehr Artikel"). The key is a plain Englich which exist in all translation files and should not be changed. You can only change the value.

If you have suggestions to improve the current translations or added a new language. Please let me know.


Theme Development

If you are a developer and need to do heavy customization work. The theme is using Gulp to compile Sass and JavaScript. This improves the development flow and making it much faster.

First, make sure you have Node.js, npm, Gulp CLI, and Bower installed. Run the following command in the theme root directory to install npm and bower dependencies.

npm install

To start Gulp, run:

gulp

This will compile Sass and JavaScript files, and start watching changes as you edit files.

Gulp will generate two files:

  • assets/js/app.min.js: The final main JavaScript file.
  • partials/compiled/inline-css.hbs: The final CSS file.

It’s recommended to avoid editing these files if you are working with Gulp. Instead, do customizations in assets/sass files for CSS or in assets/js/app.js for JavaScript. So, we can make sure the flow is going in the right direction and we never lost any changes.


Code Injection

Another option for customization, is to use the Ghost Code Injection settings in Ghost Admin. For a CSS example, you can use the following code to change the logo color as:

<style>
  .c-logo__link { color: #4550e5; }
</style>

To create a clean and small theme package. You can exclude different directories using the following command line:

zip -r melaka.zip melaka -x *node_modules* *bower_components* *git*

This will exclude node_modules, bower_components, and git directories from the final zip file.


Theme Update

You may be asking: How can I update my theme to the latest theme version from ThemeForest?

There are two options to update your theme:

  • Keep your current theme and only replace the changed files from the new version. You can find the changed files on the theme page Changelog.

  • Or, use the new version as a starting point and redo your theme changes and customizations.

One thing to reduce the need for redoing customization is to use the Code Injection tool. This is very helpful for adding custom CSS and tracking code for example. So, it’s always recommended to keep your custom CSS code with Code Injection.

I know that this might not be so practical and I feel you. There should be a better solution. I hope Ghost design a better workflow, something like child themes found in WordPress. You may reach the Ghost team and get their attention about this.


👋 Support

Have any questions? Ahmad is always here to help 😊

Contact Ahmad